When J. Pierpont Morgan's International Mercantile Marine Co. was
created in 1902, it acquired the White Star Line and several others.
IMM soon decided that White Star was its principal asset, and
transferred to White Star the newest and best of the ships then owned by
some of its other companies.
One of those was the Dominion Line's Columbus, which had been built by
Harland & Wolff, Belfast, and put into service on Dominion's
Liverpool-Boston route on 1 October 1903. After two roundtrips,
Columbus and the Liverpool-Boston route were transferred from Dominion
to White Star, and Columbus was renamed Republic. She was the second
White Star ship of that name.
For the next five years, Republic spent fall and winter on White Star's
Mediterranean service, from Boston in early 1904 and thereafter from New
York. Spring and summer saw Republic on the Boston-Liverpool route.
All that ended on 23 January 1909, near Nantucket. On that date, while
outbound from New York, Republic was rammed by the Lloyd Italiano liner
Florida, which was headed to New York. Water began entering Republic's
engine room on the ship's port side. All of Republic's passengers and
most of her crew were taken off by Florida. Later, White Star's
summoned by Republic's wireless operator, Jack Binns, arrived on the
scene and took all of the passengers from both Republic and Florida --
some 1,260 in all -- to New York. Florida also headed for New York,
escorted by the American Line steamer
Meanwhile, two U.S. revenue cutters, Gresham and Seneca, and Anchor
Line's Furnessia attempted to tow Republic to safety. However, at
around 8 pm on 24 January, Republic sank in 34 fathoms of water, off
Martha's Vineyard. She was the largest liner lost at sea to that time.
Remarkably, due in large part to Binns' heroic efforts, only six lives
were lost, and those deaths resulted from the initial impact between
the two ships.
Ironically, on 12 December 1917, Florida was also lost in a collision,
with the Italian auxiliary cruiser Caprera, near Armevilla.
Sources: Haws' Merchant Fleets; Bonsor's North Atlantic Seaway.